Community Health Assessment Tools In A Developing Society

Community health nursing synthesis the body of knowledge from the public health sciences and professional nursing theories for the purpose of improving the health of the entire community. Community health nursing practice therefore promotes and preserves the health of the population. The community is not an easily or consistently defined entity. It is a nebulous, complex concept. Thus a community in its broadest sense will be defined as a group of people living in an environment that has the ability to meet their life goals and needs.

The entry into the community is usually made possible by the chief medical officer through the issuance of letters to community leaders for easy acceptability and accessibility. Critical to the dynamics of a community are its patterns of communication, leadership and decision making and this occurs as a result of interaction between community members and the larger society. The different components of this community include people, environment and health care delivery system and together they determine the physical, social, mental states of wellness of the people.

For the people component there is:

a. Demographics such as population distribution, mobility, density and census data;
b. Biological aspects will include health and disease status, province/state of origin, nationality, age, sex, mortality.
c. Acquired aspects are twofold, social which takes into account occupation, activities, marital status, education, religion and cultural which include position, roles value, customs, norms, taboos.

For the environmental component there is:

a. Physical aspect which include natural resources, landscape, climate, terrain, relief, boundaries and limits;
b. Biological and chemical aspects such as animal reservoirs, toxic substances, food supply, standard of food control, water source, staple food, vector control, living arrangement, sewage disposal, water supply and refuse disposal;
c. Social aspects involve industry and economics, communication, transportation, recreation/recreational facilities and religion.

For the health care delivery system component, there is:

a. The organizational aspect involving government and private sectors, systems, linkages and
b. Resources which involve health personnel, health centers, clinics and hospitals, funds, services.

Through the complete understanding of these different components, then can health promotion, disease prevention and rehabilitative measures be implemented. Promoting health of the people and their welfare can be done through health education to both individuals and families. During these education sessions, various aspects of diseases, their prevention can be given as well as ways of rehabilitation when calamity strikes.

Community health problems will then be arrived at through two ways:

a. As perceived by the community and then
b. As perceived by the community health nurse.

A community diagnosis will then be reached, which can range from one to several. Recommendations can then be made to the appropriate people concerned.

In conclusion, the community health nurse, in doing this assessment, must strive to work as a team with the community involved and he/she must be able to achieve if not all, some of the eight components of primary health care, such as immunization against infectious diseases, an adequate supply of safe water, education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them.

How to Build Credible Community Health Services

So often with large community health projects, the concerns of the funders take priority over the people the program is designed to help. By taking particular care to enhance community, you will be far more likely to enhance community ownership and success in health services than if you imposed an agenda from outside.

The federal government does not have the same perspective as a community member. Community health is local, and communities must integrate long-term strategies to manage their own health. Relying on federal grants opens a community to the political necessity of re-allocating funding to other communities. Health care should not rely on changing political winds.

The following three approaches will enhance peoples’ experience of communities, and they are best to initiate during the initial design of a federal project.

Build Cooperation

  • Build political support by distributing project summaries and informing local representatives in the local area about the project.
  • Community members will often be asked to sign documents so that the project receives credit for recruitment. In order to validate the needs of the community though, all stakeholders should be part of an organization chart with explicit roles and responsibilities.

Establish Communication Network

  • The highest priority of the Project Director is to communicate with others. Community members should feel that they are part of the communication chain and not left out from understanding the status of the project.
  • Before a community organization signs a stakeholder agreement, the Project Director should develop a stakeholder communication plan. The plan will delineate the reporting structure, methods of communication, contact information, and report schedule.
  • The Project Director should organize regular phone calls and meetings to learn about specific concerns and solutions from the community. The feedback from the community should then be incorporated into the regular project reporting.

Monitor Feasibility

  • Often the schedule of tasks has been developed a priori without consulting community members. Since incomplete tasks represent a negative outcome for the project, pressure increases for the Project Director to resolve the problem. Project Directors should focus on the reasonableness of the schedule by consulting with community providers in the development of the schedule. They have the most realistic perspective of patients served in a given period.
  • It is best for community member to receive a copy of the Statement of Work and also contribute to the Standard Operating Procedures.
  • As part of the project design, Project Director’s should develop a pilot phase for testing project processes and time frames. This preliminary phase will allow for early adjustments in time and resources.

Recuperate at Home with Home Health Service

For people who need extended care after surgery, a fall, or who are experiencing health problems, home health service offer a new avenue of rehabilitation beyond the hospital or nursing home that allows patients and clients to stay in their own home, recover, and get well. Years ago, there were relatively few choices for a patient who needed after surgery or recovery care and who might not have someone at home to provide it. That has now changed, and the options available to patients continue to expand and grow.

In recent years, there has been a boom in the Home Health Industry due to an aging population. Research suggest that people recover more quickly from injury and illness in their own homes, around familiar surroundings, and where friends and family can visit more often. Because of a higher demand to be at home, and because home care service is typically cheaper than a hospital or nursing home, home health services have expanded their offerings to include a variety of services that allow patients to stay at home and retain their independence.

A home health service offers the traditional nursing functions that are found in a hospital or nursing home environment: basic medical functions such as giving medications, helping with bandage and dressing changes, checking vital signs; moving patients, giving baths, physical therapy, etc. Many now offer services beyond that: extended socializing with the patient (reading books and magazines, playing cards, talking), running errands, preparing meals, helping with exercise, shopping – the list goes on. Performing these extended functions really helps those patients who don’t have families, or whose families can’t be with their loved one around the clock.

Because home health service is typically cheaper than staying in the hospital or nursing home, insurance companies and Medicare will cover many of the costs of home care. It is important to check your policy carefully, and understand what services are covered for your type of illness, and for how long. A reputable home health service will work very closely with patients and families to determine exactly what is or isn’t covered, and to determine the best course of care for a particular patient.

If you are looking for home health service, make sure to shop around and carefully evaluate the different companies to find a good, reputable company. Make sure that the medical employees such as doctors, nurses, and therapists are registered and have experience in providing services needed. Ask for the average length of employment for employees. A good service should offer local and reliable references who can comment on the company and the services provided. Make sure to call references, and also ask around the community for references. Ensure that the provider has the services you are looking for, and that they are flexible enough to meet your needs. It is important to interview several health care providers, and to make your decision based on quality and cost, so that you get the absolute best care for the money you spend.

Home health service today offers so much to patients who are recuperating from surgery or illness. These services offered allow patients to recover comfortably in their own home, without stressing families who can’t provide many of those services, and they provide peace of mind and independence for recovering individuals. Investigating home health service options is something all patients should do if they are ill, or are experiencing health problems. Many patients and their families are pleasantly surprised by the different services many of these care services offer.

A More Efficient National Health Service Can Be Achieved With Managed And Secure File Transfer

In today’s environment of cost-cutting and improved productivity within the health service, anything that can assist with improved efficiency, reliability and security is a must. When transferring data between different parts of the service, secure file transfer helps meet compliance requirements and gives peace of mind.

Managed or secure file transfer is transpiring to be one of the best file transfer mechanisms for the modern healthcare organisation. It allows units to protect patient data, and be compliant, reliable and to improve productivity in the IT department.

Taking community care as an example of how it can be a boon, the transfer of information between a local surgery, the consultant, community nurse and the patient can all be optimised. Managed and secure file transfer enables the most up to date information to be transferred in-tact, on time and with a complete audit and transfer log.

Local health services and their associated authorities communicate regularly, and all the time, there is the need to protect the personal and health data of their patients. With traditional hard copy files and folders this can be rather challenging as it may be that some information needs to be redacted and sometimes the files or reports are solely written for one purpose but being required for another use. Alterations can mean that information is incomplete or wrong and data can be leaked or lost. Any or all of these possibilities can place the patient at risk.

Using a courier can also be problematic for some of the same reasons as files can be misplaced, spoiled or taken. When sending files by email there can be further problems with the email being sent to the wrong address, interruptions in sending and untraceable progress and access. Their size can also be a problem as this can put too much strain on the server.

Managed and secure file transfer have the capabilities of ‘curing’ these problems. Up to date information can be easily shared between interested parties and carers. It allows groups to share data, whether they have a thousand computers or just a single one. It also allows the owner of the data to see when it has been accessed, by whom and how. This is usually an essential element of compliance and allows everyone in the organisation to have the confidence to share data around.

Whether local or central, the health service is a complex organisation with a multitude of files, varying in size and with a number of professionals needing access to them. The audit trails provided by secure and managed file transfer mean that the Data Protection Act can be adhered to with great ease.

Mental Health Services – Providing Tools That Help You Tackle Life’s Challenges

If you have been battling anxiety, depression, anger, grief, relationship problems, or substance abuse you can receive mental health services from a trusted and reputable charity organization. The behavior health services you can receive are by professionals who are licensed, trained, and highly qualified. No matter what your problems, there is a solution for you out there. Some of the amazing behavioral health services you may be able to receive can include:

• Premarital preparation
• Domestic violence group counseling
• Substance abuse treatment
• Individual, family, and child counseling

This charity organization may collaborate with other partners and agencies to meet the different needs of communities and clients which may include state and local funding contracts and sources to deliver services.

Many charity organizations provide assistance for families and individuals regardless of their religion or background. These professionals can provide help to those who need in which may include, but not limited to, mental health services. The well – trained staff at this charity organization is committed to empowering individuals and improving their lives by helping them reach their goals.

This type of organization works to create a safe and nurturing family environment for both adults and children in addition to improving the community by specific outreach programs. The emphasis of this organization is child welfare, community outreach, mental health services, and family preservation. The community outreach programs may consist of pantry and food programs in addition to social ministry goals. The behavioral health programs may consist of programs that will provide child safety such as foster care and adoption. The family preservation programs offered by the charity organization may include programs that will strengthen families.

A nonprofit organization is one that typically relies on the generosity of many volunteers, corporation, families, foundations, and individuals. The mental health services you may be able to receive to include foster parenting, volunteer service, financial contributions, and donations.

If you are in need of family counseling from the charity organization, a highly trained therapists can provide you, your child, or entire family with the therapy support and counseling you need. Everyone goes through periods when they need someone to help them sort out their feeling and thoughts, and organization can do just that.

If you are dealing with issues that may cause you to need mental health services, you can contact a reputable services, charity organization and see if they can provide you with the help you need.